Amara Raja’s Journey from Lead to Lithium

The battery industry is at a crossroads between the familiar and the future. Jayadev Galla, Chairman and Managing Director of Amara Raja Batteries Ltd, India’s second-largest manufacturer of lead-acid batteries, is facing a challenging situation. As electric vehicles rise in popularity, the lithium-ion battery is ascending, posing a threat to the traditional lead-acid battery market that has sustained Amara Raja for years. Let us understand the challenges and ambitions of Amara Raja as they embark on their journey to become a prominent player in the lithium-ion battery space while safeguarding their stronghold in lead-acid batteries.

The Challenge

Galla recognizes the urgent need to adapt to the changing landscape of the battery industry. If Amara Raja fails to invest in lithium-ion technology, it risks becoming obsolete. However, embracing this new technology comes at a cost – initially, high imports and reduced margins. The challenge lies in balancing the two disparate businesses: high-volume, low-value lead-acid batteries and high-value, low-volume lithium-ion batteries.

A Dual Strategy

Amara Raja’s response to this challenge is a dual strategy. They aim to expand their global footprint in lead-acid batteries while establishing a significant presence in the lithium-ion battery market. Their commitment is evident through a massive ₹9,500 crore investment in a lithium-ion Giga factory and a state-of-the-art research facility. Furthermore, they aspire to transition from being just a battery maker to becoming a service provider in the mobility and energy storage sectors, reflected in their upcoming name change to Amara Raja Energy & Mobility Ltd.

Generational Change

These ambitious endeavours coincide with a generational change within the company. Jayadev Galla took over from his father and brought in the third generation to lead the business. His nephews now serve as executive directors, allowing him to focus on business and political responsibilities.

Lead-Acid’s Future

While the future seems promising for lithium-ion batteries, the road ahead for lead-acid batteries is somewhat bleak. Amara Raja believes that lead-acid batteries will continue to find utility in industries and residences, especially when space and weight are not constraints. Electric vehicles, for instance, still rely on lead-acid batteries for lighting and electronics.

Global Ambitions

Amara Raja aims to expand its overseas presence, targeting markets in Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and beyond. Their export of lead-acid batteries already accounts for around 15% of their total revenue, and they plan to double down on this growth. Additionally, they are exploring opportunities for capacity expansion both within India and abroad to meet rising demand.

Efficiency and Innovation

Efficiency is a crucial focus for Amara Raja, as high lead prices have impacted their operating margins. To counter this, they are investing in a recycling unit that will recover 150,000 tonnes of lead, thus meeting a significant portion of their annual lead requirement. Moreover, they believe in the potential of technological advancements to enhance lead-acid batteries, potentially extending their relevance for another century.

Mastering Lithium-ion Technology

While Amara Raja remains committed to lead-acid batteries, they recognize the importance of mastering lithium-ion technology. It involves developing efficient products and establishing a robust supply chain. Their investment in a Giga factory and the decision to build technology in-house are indicators of their determination to succeed in the lithium-ion market.

Investing in R&D

Amara Raja’s investment in research and development is a testament to their aspiration to be a technology leader. They are setting up an advanced energy research and innovation centre to work on various battery chemistries, including lithium-ion, sodium-ion, and more. It demonstrates their commitment to staying at the forefront of battery technology.

Challenges and Uncertainties

While Amara Raja’s vision is compelling, it has challenges and uncertainties. They face stiff competition in the lead-acid and lithium-ion segments, and the stock market has re-rated the company due to the uncertainty surrounding their investments. The next few quarters will be critical for Amara Raja as they strive to establish themselves as a dominant force in the evolving battery industry.


Amara Raja’s journey into the lithium-ion battery market is a bold and necessary step to secure its future in a rapidly changing industry. Their commitment to innovation, global expansion, and efficiency improvements underscores their determination to remain at the forefront of battery technology. As they navigate this complex terrain, Amara Raja seeks to strike a delicate balance between their legacy in lead-acid batteries and their aspirations in the lithium-ion arena, all while staying true to their core values and ambitions.

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